Confirmation by a competent body that learning outcomes (knowledge, skills and/or competences) acquired by an individual in a formal, non-formal or informal setting have been assessed against predefined criteria and are compliant with the requirements of a validation standard. Validation typically leads to certification.
Leader of a study circle, not necessarily a teacher by profession, working mostly on part-time basis. In Sweden, leaders are appointed and recognised by the study association that provides the study circle.
Continuing in learning activities in spite of difficulties. (Note: See also ‘Self-directed learning’)
- Stran 1