The process that helps to identify a learner’s skills at the beginning of a learning programme, particularly in literacy, language, numeracy and key competences. Initial assessment is often used to help place learners in appropriate learning programmes and is usually followed by detailed diagnostic assessment.
The appraisal process performed by an agency or individuals not directly involved in or responsible for the programme or activities evaluated.
The combination of factors which enable individuals to progress towards or get into employment, to stay in employment and to progress during career.
Excluded from social rights or from social life or whose situation is precarious. (Note: Does not include cognitive and/or physical impairments, for which see ‘Learning difficulties/disabilities’).