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Are Teachers Ready for Distance Education?

od Esra Telli
Jazyk: EN

Almost all schools around the world have been closed due to the COVID-19 outbreak. However, in many countries, education was not completely stopped, and countries and schools turned to distance education practices. Various precautions have been taken to ensure that students are not completely disconnected from educational processes by using technological tools such as television, online platforms, internet and mobile applications. Following the closure of schools in many countries including Turkey began to distance learning very quickly. In this process, teachers are expected to support students academically and to participate in the distance education process. However, in many countries, teachers do not have the necessary readiness for distance education.

Many teachers who have never had such an experience until today and who have not received sufficient training on how to deal with such a crisis in pre-service and in-service training processes have been caught unprepared for this process. However, pedagogical methods and strategies to be used in distance education have to be different from those used in the classroom. In order to ensure the participation and motivation of students, to follow learning, to support students remotely, teachers need to use different methods and make more efforts. While arranging teaching according to the needs of different students is quite difficult even in the classroom environment, trying to provide it remotely - even if not enough preparation has been made - makes the job of teachers much more difficult and creates pressure on teachers.

Some of the teachers are completely disconnected from their students, the difficulties they will face when schools are reopened, the learning losses that will be experienced despite distance education, insufficient knowledge and skills for some of the students, and the misleading or misconceptions of parents or family members who are trying to support the student's learning possible results can cause anxiety in teachers. On the other hand, teachers at the other end of the spectrum have to cope with a much more intense workload, demands and expectations than in situations where schools are open and education is maintained in the classroom, with communication technologies being easily accessible. With the closure of the schools, parents' anxiety about learning and development of their children increases, and it becomes a demand for more interest from teachers and more time for their own children.

Teachers who continue their distance education efforts during this pandemic process and have a big role in compensating learning losses after the process should be supported especially in order to meet their professional needs. For this purpose, National Education Directorates in many cities in our country have started to organize various e-conferences to prepare their teachers for distance education. With these conferences given by field experts, teachers are informed on the subjects they need in distance education. At the beginning of these topics, course design and assessment-evaluation in distance education issues take the lead . With the trainings given to teachers on distance education, urgent distance education (emergency remote learning) processes are tried to be more efficient, which I believe is beneficial. My observations show that teachers view distance education more positively than before and feel the need to improve themselves. We will wait and see the sustainability of this situation.

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  • Obrázok používateľa Monta Ozoliņa
    Es uzskatu, ja pasniedzēji ir pamainījuši mācību procesu un ir pielāgojušies šai situācijai,  nodrošinot studentiem zināšanas tādā paša līmenī kā klātienē, tad tiem studentiem attālinātās mācības nesagādā nekādas problēmas. Bet, ja pasniedzēji, vel līdz šim brīdim mācības organizē tieši tā pat kā klātienē, tad šiem studentiem attālinātās mācības sagādā lielas grūtības un viņi nejūtas mācību procesā kā ieguvēji. 
  • Obrázok používateľa Sintija Ferdanska
    I feel many students would still ideally prefer traditional education. There are published articles and surveys, where students have responded slightly in favor of face-to-face learning and still regard face-to-face education as better in some ways. Human nature is to try to get the best of both worlds if we can. Online education and educational technology are here to stay. But due to the social nature of people and some of the ways we learn, I guess blended learning will be popular. Blended is the way many traditional universities and schools have been moving in the last few decades. Finally, the answer may also depend on the subject being studied or taught.