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EPALE - Platforma electronică pentru educația adulților în Europa


EPALE Fokus: Inklusion der alternden Bevölkerung und intergenerationelles Lernen

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Document available also in: EN FI HR ES CS HU ME SV IT LV NL SK ET EL PL SL FR BG MT DA

EPALE focus: Social inclusion of the ageing population and intergenerational learning

Im Kontext des demographischen Wandels [PDF, 3.9 MB, EN] in Europa, stellen ältere Menschen einen großen und wachsenden Teil der Bevölkerung der Europäischen Union. Es ist daher sehr wichtig, qualitativ hochwertige Bildungsangebote für ältere Menschen anzubieten sowie diese Bevölkerungsgruppe in Strategien des lebenslangen Lernens sowie der aktiven Teilhabe in der Gesellschaft mit einzubeziehen.

Die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) preist in Active Ageing: a Policy Framework  [EN] die längere Lebendsdauer der Bevölkerung als einen der größten Triumphe der Menschheit, und nennt dies gleichzeitig als eine der größten Herausforderungen. Das Altern der Weltbevölkerung stellt alle Länder vor wachsende soziale und wirtschaftliche Anforderungen. Länder können sich eine alternde Bevölkerung leisten, wenn die Regierungen, internationale Organisationen sowie die Zivilbevölkerung Politiken und Programme für das aktive Altern umsetzten, die Gesundheit, Teilhabe und Sicherheit älterer Menschen verbessern - so die WHO.

Um die Integration älterer Menschen in der Gesellschaft zu unterstützen, müssen wir Möglichkeiten entwickeln, wie sie ihr volles Potenzial entwickeln können. Ältere Mitmenschen sollten Zugang zu Bildungs-, Kultur- und bürgerlichen Ressourcen der Gesellschaft haben. Ältere Mitmenschen müssen in der Lage sein, vollständig am gesellschaftlichen Leben teilzunehmen, um aktiv, unabhängig und gesund zu sein während sie altern.  

Daher sollten die Bedürfnisse des lebenslangen Lernens von älteren Lernenden eine Priorität von Bildungsorganisationen sein, die qualitativ hochwertige und spezifische Trainingsprogramme entwickeln müssen.

Intergenerationelles Lernen kann zum gesellschaftlichen Zusammenhalt beitragen, in dem es die Zusammenarbeit zwischen unterschiedlichen Generationen fördert. Viele intergenerationelle Initiativen und Praktiken wurden in den letzten Jahren entwickelt, und die Möglichkeiten der Kooperation zwischen den Generation werden immer stärker als ein Weg anerkannt, um eine inklusive, dynamische und demokratische Gesellschaft zu fördern. 

In diesem Kontext steht der vierte thematische Fokus für 2020:

Inklusion der alternden Bevölkerung und intergenerationelles Lernen.

  • Arbeiten Sie mit älteren Lernenden?
  • Mit welchen Zielgruppen arbeiten Sie? 
  • Welche Politiken, Strategien und Initiativen für ältere Lernende gibt es in Ihrem Land, Ihrer Region oder Stadt? 
  • Wen fokussieren diese Maßnahmen? 
  • Was denken Sie muss passieren, damit Erwachsene aktive Mitglieder der Gesellschaft bleiben während sie altern? 

Teilen Sie Ihre Erfahrungen mit unserer Community! Sie können dies tun, in dem Sie Beiträge in unseren BlogsNewsVeranstaltungskalender und Ressourcen Center hinzufügen!

Am 29. Oktober 2020 können Sie sich auch an unserer Online Diskussion zum Thema beteiligen.


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  • imaginea utilizatorului Edita Tamše
    The Social Activation programme is funded by the Slovenian Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, the European Social Fund and local communities. The aim of the programme is to strengthen the social inclusion of participants, increase their employment opportunities, raise motivation and strengthen existing or acquire new social and functional competences to effectively tackle the barriers that hinder these persons from entering the labour market and consequently lead them to social exclusion and life below the poverty line. It is precisely because of the specific characteristics of the target group that it is on the mentors' side to form a prudent curriculum of activities, such as getting used to the routine, encouraging the reintegration of participants into the social environment, raising motivation and the acquisition of functional and social competences.   
  • imaginea utilizatorului Dijana Lukic

    ZDUS – Slovene Federation of Pensioners Associations, as a representative NGO of older people, they are our sole target group. All our activities in various fields are directed towards engaging older people to live an active, healthy, independent life as long as possible. We believe this process should start even before a person gets retired. A few years before retirement starts, older workers should be equipped with knowledge about what old age brings, how to continue life after they officially retire, what are their options and how to stay included in those activities which suit them to most and which bring them a happy and fulfilling third life period. In Slovenia we have such examples of pre-retirement seminars, but for now they only exist for specific profession (like the military, police or teachers). By engaging in organised activities in their local environment (for example in amateur culture, recreational activities, active citizenship, volunteering, life-long learning etc.), they stay actively involved and can contribute to society. 

  • imaginea utilizatorului Dijana Lukic

    At ZDUS – Slovene Federation of Pensioners Associations we believe that in the times of social isolation due to COVID-19 the importance of learning in older age and for old age has on the one had become more visible and on the other it revealed where the gaps in learning are. For example as most services, events and other daily life responsibilities moved to only being available online, the vast majority of older people who are not e-literate, were excluded from participating and exercising their rights. In this situation we believe intergenerational learning could be beneficial, but since older people are a vulnerable group and younger people were advised to take care of their seniors and not expose them to the risk of Covid-19, physical intergenerational learning could not happen. Certainly COVID-19 exposed that older people will have to be engaged in e-learning in the foreseeable future. 

  • imaginea utilizatorului Dijana Lukic

    At ZDUS – Slovene Federation of Pensioners Associations we believe social inclusion of older learners is very important. Based on our experience in the MATURE project - Making Adult Teaching Useful, Relevant and Engaging (LLP 2012-2014), we found out that adult educators need to recognize and work closely with the so called “intermediaries”. These are agencies and community organisations that have the trust and confidence of older people and they need to be recognized in playing a vital role in engaging older learners to participate in adult education and life-long learning. It’s their responsibility to reach out to those older people who experience barriers to participation in learning, especially if the reason is social exclusion. Reaching out in such cases means going to environments common to older people and reaching out to them in places where “traditional” learning normally does not occur, outside education facilities. We believe adult educations policies and initiatives should be directed towards minimising or removing barriers that may exclude older people from any part of the learning process.

  • imaginea utilizatorului Iveta Pētersone
    Starppaaudžu mācīšanās ir tik vērtīga! Gan jaunā paaudze no tā daudz var mācīties, gan vecākā paaudze no tā spēj daudz iegūt, tas ir abpusēji izdevīgi. Esmu lasījusi zinātnisko rakstu par šo tēmu un noteikti varu piekrist, ka starppaudžu mācīšanās ir jāaktualizē Latvijā, jo visi tajā ir ieguvēji un, tādējādi veidojas sociālā saliedēšanās. Starppaaudžu mācīšanās ir jābūt vēlmei iesaistīties un palīdzēt viens otram, jo tikai tā var sasniegt labākos rezultātus. Sadarbojoties ar vecāko paaudzi, jāatdzīst, ka viņi ļoti labi un ātri apgūst jaunas prasmes vai zināšanas par tehnoloģijām, un pielieto tās savā ikdienā. Varu viņus par to slavēt! Tāpēc novecojot šie cilvēki spēj pilnvērtīgi piedalīties sabiedriskajā dzīvē un pēc iespējas veiksmīgāk socializēties ar citiem, jeb sociāli iekļauties sabiedrībā.
  • imaginea utilizatorului Carmen Medina Garríguez
    I'm very interested in this topic as I have just turned 61 and have found that at this age many think that you are not eligible for a job or that you have lost your potential. Not only do I think that once one has retired they can help educate their peers, but also offer experience and expertise to younger generations.
    I work at a government-funded language school in the south of Spain. My students' ages range from 16 to 70 or older. They actually work well together. We work from the communicative skills (R, W, L, Sp and Mediation), but I also like to include critical thinking and problem solving tasks which encourage collaboration, although as we all know, these are difficult times for interaction. We usually have a once a week face to face meeting which alternates with an online Zoom meeting where students can communicate freely (break out rooms, whole class, etc.) without the restrictions wearing a mask offers.
    My classes are extremely diverse and include teachers, hospital workers, engineers, vets, etc. Many of them are over 50 and some are retired.
    Regarding policies and strategies, the Ministry of Education does provide education for our seniors:
    I think a good idea would be to have adults that have been in education help train those who have not been able to access education. I also believe that in many sectors this same policy could be applicable.
    Unfortunately, these are difficult times and keep on seniors while at the same time trying to incorporate youth to the job market is a hard puzzle to solve.
  • imaginea utilizatorului Waldemar Olbryk
    there are some places ( offices ) for 50+enterpeneurs who starte their 2nd or 3rd career. ( it is nicely named : mid-life enterpreneur)
    One can add the cross generaiton exchange ( wisdom against youth ) and we can create value powered by collective wisdom

  • imaginea utilizatorului Elza Eihmane
    Patiess prieks, ka arī Rīgā tiek aktualizēti jautājumi par senjoru izglītošanos, piemēram, pieprasīti ir neformālās izglītības kursi Rīgas izglītības un informatīvi metodiskajā centrā, Rīgas Aktīvo senjoru alianse realizē apmācības dažādās sfērās, Nodarbinātības Valsts aģentūrā ir aktīva programma " Konkurētspējas paaugstināšanas pasākumi", kurā nav vecuma ierobežojumu, vēl Izglītības un Zinātnes ministrija realizē Mūžizglītības programmu, izvēle tiem, kuri vēlas pilnveidoties, ir, domāju, ka ar laiku iespējas izglītoties, socializēties vecāka gadagājuma cilvēku starpā tikai paplašināsies.
  • imaginea utilizatorului Ewa DUDA
    Temat ten jest szczególnie ważny w dobie pandemii. Z jednej strony osoby starsze stanowią największą grupę ryzyka, zatem powinniśmy dołożyć wszelkich starań, aby edukować ich, wszystkimi dostępnymi formami, na temat czyhających zagrożeń. Z drugiej strony nie możemy seniorów całkowicie izolować pod pretekstem COVID-19, powinniśmy w bezpiecznych warunkach angażować ich w działania edukacyjne mające na celu stymulację, ale również przekazywanie wiedzy, wartości i tradycji, które jeśli o to nie zadbamy, znikną bezpowrotnie. 
  • imaginea utilizatorului Laura Dīriņa
    Kā lielisku piemēru varu minēt pieaugušajiem paredzētos dienas centrus. Tur senioriem notiek gan izglītojošas, gan izklaidējošas nodarbības. Viens no vissvarīgākajiem pasākumiem ir viņu viesošanās bērnu dienas centros un otrādi - arī bērni no dienas centriem viesojas pie senioriem.