Having qualifications, especially in literacy and numeracy, below ISCED level 3
Having qualifications at level 1 of the European qualifications framework (EQF) for lifelong learning, that is: basic general knowledge, basic skills required to carry out simple tasks, and competence to work or study under direct supervision in a structured context.
Difficult to attract into formal or non-formal learning and/or not suited by educational provision. (Note: ‘Outreach’ (q.v.) is intended to attract people meeting this description into learning).
Professional teacher at a folk high school