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Career guidance, Albania

by Ejvis Gishti
Språk: EN

In order to be successful an adult needs to have a structured career. Career guidance is supposed to be provided to employees by every institution / organization / business.


The discussions within the working groups highlighted the following:

  • Lack of guidance from central institutions.
  • One of the functions of the Development Unit established at the public VET providers is to provide career guidance, among other things.
  • Some NGOs provide sporadic career guidance training.
  • In pre-university secondary education elements of career guidance are integrated into the curriculum.
  • In general, career guidance is unstructured and fragmented.
  • There is no structured career guidance for adults.
  • No career guidance is provided at an early age, although a good and structured career guidance for adults should begin at an early age.


As regards the competent institutions or mechanisms, the following were identified:

  • Municipalities
  • Local regional employment offices
  • Public and private providers of initial and continuous VET
  • The National Employment Service
  • Universities
  • NGOs
  • Projects
  • Market need analysis at national level

As regards positive practices, the following were highlighted:

  • Provision of career guidance at Universities.
  • The establishment of Development Units in public VET providers.
  • Implementation of internships/ WBL in companies.
  • Integration of career elements into the curriculum.
  • Organisation and participation in job fairs.
  • Cooperation of VET providers and Universities with the private sector.

As regards the future challenges related to adult career guidance,  the following were identified:

  • Better harmonization and interaction between stakeholders.
  • Greater attention by line ministries and other institutions in charge of adult career guidance.
  • Public and private providers to provide career guidance training for adults.
  • Businesses to provide career guidance and continuous professional training.
  • Provision of career guidance at an early age.
  • The increase in the level of information, awareness and promotion of adult career guidance.
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