The Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth sets targets to lift at least 20 million people out of poverty and social exclusion and to increase employment of the population aged 20-64 to 75%. Among those who are on the verge of poverty are also ex-offenders / ex-prisoners who face multiple problems: stigma, negative attitude by the society also lost work skills and / or low qualification. The situation is that the employment rate of the low qualified is nearly 80% lower than the employment rate of individuals with university level qualifications. Even though there is no exact data on the qualification levels of offender / prisoners, it has been estimated that only 3-5% of them would be qualified to undertake higher education.
Low levels of qualifications have important negative effects on ex-offenders / ex-prisoners' employment prospects upon release, which has been found to be one of the key factors influencing whether or not they re-offend. In addition to possibly having low qualifications, ex-offenders / ex-prisoners face a number of other barriers to securing employment, including lack of experience in the work environment and also prejudice – having a criminal record is a key barrier to obtaining a job. Post release license restrictions can also prevent a person from taking up a particular job or moving to a new area to look for work, thereby reducing their mobility on the labour market. Yet, some researches show that being in employment reduces the risk of re-offending by between a third and a half. With employment playing an important role in influencing the chances of ex-offender / ex-prisoner’s re-offending it is crucial to try to address their skills gaps through the provision of learning opportunities which provide skills and competences, relevant to the (local) job market.
In order to improve the employability of ex-offenders / ex-prisoners, organisations from 6 countries (Lithuania, Poland, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and Cyprus) have joined their forces in the Erasmus+ project INforEX (www.inforexproject.eu) to create on the job training programme that would enable ex-offenders with low qualifications to gain necessary social and work skills that are necessary for the today’s employers.
The methodology on the training programme involves three parts – training providers, entrepreneurs and ex-offenders or ex-prisoners. The training providers act out as intermediary body between entrepreneurs and ex-offenders / ex-prisoners and trainers of both parties.
Due to the certain peculiarities of the target group, the preparation of trainers who will be responsible for monitoring the ex-offenders / ex-prisoners’ training within the premises of a company is necessary. The created training programme links to the created resources for training providers to discuss with employers the communication aspects with ex-offenders / ex-prisoners, social and psychological factors of working with them, the challenges that the on the job trainers might encounter. The programme advises to have at least 40 hours of employers’ training.
Another important aspect of the training programme is that it is based on the concrete work the entrepreneur needs – a job position description (distinguishing skills, knowledge and competences required to perform a certain job) is formed which is the basis of further training of ex-offenders / ex-prisoners.
What is more, partners within the project have anticipated that prior to matching the ex-prisoner with the company, the training provider has to do the initial training with ex-offenders / ex-prisoners – to assess their skills so as to match with the available job training position and to work on their low self-esteem, (self)-confidence, basic life skills, effective communication, work culture to make the transition to the on the job training easier.
The innovative aspect of the created methodology is that the participant gets a certificate for skills, knowledge and competences gained (based on Level 3 of EQF) even if he/ she does not complete the whole training path (while the whole training process consisting of 320 hours).
Currently partners are planning the piloting of the created programme where 144 ex-offenders / ex-prisoners will get their skills certified and hopefully the experience gained during the training will increase their possibilities to get employment or some of the participants will be offered a permanent job at the place of the training.
Project INforEX - “Innovative ways of including low qualified ex offenders and ex prisoners to labour market”, Erasmus+ KA2 Strategic Partnerships project No. 2016-1-LT01-KA204-023242, project duration 01/10/2016 – 30/09/2018.
Coordinators - VšĮ Žmogiškųjų išteklių stebėsenos ir plėtros biuras
- G.G. EUROSUCCESS CONSULTING LIMITED (Cyprus);
- CASCAIDLimited (UK);
- Lazzarelle Cooperativa Sociale a r.l. (Italy);
- Szczecinska Szkola Wyzsza Collegium Balticum (Poland);
- Gestión para la Integración Social, GINSO (Spain).
1. Social Protection & Social Inclusion. Prieiga per internetą: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=750 Žiūrėta [2017-09-05]
2. Prison Education and Training in Europe. Prieiga per internetą: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/education_culture/repository/education/library/study/2013/prison_en.pdf [2017-09-05]
3. Project website. Prieiga per internetą: www.inforexproject.eu [2017-09-05]