In today's world, which strives to personalize and individualize almost every process, in which the uniqueness of each of us is emphasized, we often forget about something very important.
About bonds and identities built-in groups and communities.
That we are not disconnected entities because if that were the case, we would die.
The feeling of belonging to a group, identification with others is sometimes the first step to determining who I am and to building a sense of security.
What is identity?
Identity is the way we define ourselves, a set of answers to the question: "Who am I?". Our identity consists of, among others such dimensions and features as age, gender, gender identity, psychosexual orientation, nationality, ethnicity, skin color, religion or non-denominational status, health status, fitness level, appearance, social and economic status as well as the profession we perform, marital status, family status, education, political views or belonging to social organizations.
Identity is a very complex, fluid and often variable construct, thanks to which we define ourselves, feel belonging to given people and places, give our choices and actions meaning and reason.
We can also divide identity into primary and secondary. The first consists of those features of our identity that are innate (e.g. skin color), acquired or assigned to us, and on whose change we have no influence or this influence is very limited. Secondary identity is the quality and belonging that we acquire or are assigned to us during our lives (e.g. education and profession). They depend heavily on our decisions and choices - we influence them.
Why think about it?
Identity, especially nowadays, which is characterized by mobility, dynamism and constant change, should be a subject for individual reflection that will help discover the values behind our life choices.
And in groups, especially international ones, it can become a starting point for difficult but necessary conversations about stereotypes, prejudices or discrimination.
The circle of identity
The tool that helps us discover what creates us and what affects us is the ‘Identity Circle’.
I suggest you do the exercise in a group setting. The identity circle - a tool that shows how much we have in common and how much we differ. I suggest doing this exercise at an advanced stage of the group process because it requires high exposure.
It helps to recognize the causes of conflicts in the group and can re-build communication based on mindfulness of each other.
Prepare a drawing of a circle, divide it into 8 equal parts and in each part write the categories to which we belong or the roles we play in our lives. After completing all the parts, ask the participants to choose 1 or 2 roles, which they consider the most important at the moment. It is important that you give enough time and attention to reflect on this stage of the exercise.
If we work with a group, we go to the next stage, which is reading aloud specific categories and asking people whose belonging falls in a given category to get up from their place. An additional element is the question of whether this category is the most important - if so, these people stand a little longer, and the rest are asked to sit down. It is worth reminding the group that during the whole exercise they should remain silent and refrain from any comments, but carefully observe themselves and the rest of the people. Examples of categories in which selected groups or roles will fit may be religion, origin, gender, sexual orientation, occupation, age, social status, hobby, family, friends, school, sport, volunteering, political orientation, language, national minority / ethnic, music and art, eating habits, etc.
After the exercise, it is good to ask questions for self-reflection:
How did you feel during this exercise?
What was difficult for you?
How did they feel when you stood alone, and how when almost everyone stood?
What surprised you?
Was there any category that you found difficult to stand for?
Why was it difficult to explain why you belong to a group?
Why is this category important to you?
After this debriefing, it is worth talking about identity, ask what affects it? What can mean that we "identify with" something? Is it something unchanged? And also how it is when the sense of what defines us is changeable. And what does this change depends on?
Summary of the exercise
If we have time and space, here it is worth introducing the concept of a stereotype and refer to its consequences. Such in-depth discussion means that many groups, including international ones, begin to empathize with each other and understand that many people are persecuted and discriminated against because of characteristics that do not depend on them.
Finally, you can ask if this exercise has somehow changed the perception of participants’ identity? And whether and why it is sometimes worth considering?
What effects can be expected after the exercise? Let's sum them up:
- Increased self-reflection.
- Fewer conflicts in the group.
- More empathy in communication.
- A sense of belonging to a group.
- Identifying prejudices and stereotypes and reducing their impact on participants.
Our identity should be a compass in choosing the best solutions.
Identity is an opportunity to change.
Identity is a bridge to communicate with other people.
That's why it's worth embracing it.
This article was produced as a result of the “Elevate”, implemented by the Innovation Development Foundation and co-financed by the European Union Erasmus + Action 1. Educational Mobility, Mobility of Adult Education Staff (Agreement number 2018-1-PL01-KA104-049658).
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
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