Learning which is for personal development purposes, recreation and leisure, undertaken to improve quality of life. Recreational learning can lead to vocational learning if the goals of learners in their chosen subject become work-oriented.
Adult participation in lifelong learning, i.e. the percentage of the population aged 25-64 participating in education and training during the 4 weeks prior to the survey. (Note: This is a pragmatic definition for EU purposes, in relation to the EC benchmark as calculated by the Labour Force Survey; a full dictionary definition would be much wider, and definitions used in other surveys will differ).
Education and training that responds to learners’ needs and preferences. Flexible learning offers learners choices about how, where and when they learn with the aim of supporting motivation and persistence particularly when attendance at a college or centre is difficult, e.g. rural learners; adults with multiple responsibilities or health problems. ICT-based communication between students and teacher is a common feature of flexible learning, but it can also include physical meetings between students and teachers.