Investigation of Adult Skills in the Context of Skill Mismatch
In this study, the evaluation of skill conflicts of university graduates and adults employed in the labor market was studied. Skill mismatch was handled in skill aging and skill deficit dimensions. At the same time, 21st century skills have been included in the research and in this context the level of 21st century skills that adults need in their current work has been determined. It was also examined whether skill aging and skill deficit levels differed according to the need for 21st century skills. For this purpose, the Skill Mismatch Scale was developed by the researcher to determine the skill mismatch of university graduates and adults working in the labor market. The scale was developed in a 5-point Likert type with a total of ten items, five items in each of the skill deficit and skill aging dimensions. The scale was applied to 271 university graduates in Bartin province. According to the results of the research; it was observed that the skill deficit levels of the participants were high and the levels of skill aging were low. It was observed that the year of education and gender did not cause a difference between skill aging and skill deficit scores. It was concluded that those who work in a job other than the graduated field have higher levels of skill aging while those who work in a job related to the graduated field have higher skill deficit levels. While the skill that the participants need most to perform their current work is communication skill; the least skill was determined as foreign language skills. Skill deficit scores were found to differ significantly according to the need for critical thinking, problem solving, entrepreneurship, communication, cooperation, creative thinking, leadership, social skills, productivity, accountability, and flexibility and adaptability. Skill aging scores were found to differ significantly according to the need for creative thinking, information and communication technologies, productivity, flexibility and adaptability skills.