What personal features and abilities can describe the student who is studying in a self-directed learning way? What competences have to be mastered by the student who is learning in a self-directed learning way? Why self-directed learning is so important in the context of lifelong learning? The answers to these and other questions are looking for in this article. The aim of the article is to identify characteristics of the self-directed learning student in the context of lifelong learning according to the performed scientific providences.