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Euroopa täiskasvanuhariduse veebikeskkond



Kriitiline digi- ja meediakirjaoskus

looja Rando Proomet

/fi/file/digital-and-media-literacydigital and media literacy

Digioskusi ja -pädevusi peetakse tänapäeval üha olulisemaks põhioskuste osaks. On mitmeid algatusi, mille eesmärk on mõtestada ja määratleda digioskusi ja -pädevusi. Kuid paljudel juhtudel ja eriti poliitilisel tasandil ei pälvi kriitiline mõtlemine ja digisisu kajastamine sellist tähelepanu, mis oleks vajalik Euroopa kodanike ohutuks juhendamiseks läbi praeguste väljakutsete.

Aastal 2017 avaldas UNESCO lairibaühenduse komisjon raporti nimetusega „Digital Skills for Life and Work“. See raport toob esile omavahel seotud oskuste ehk digipädevuse moodustava kogumi, kontiinumi aluselistest funktsionaalsetest oskustest kuni spetsialistide oskusteabeni, sealhulgas kriitiline infokirjaoskus – kontseptsioon, mis hõlmab võimet kriitiliselt hinnata informatsiooni, selle eesmärke ja samuti meetodeid, mille abil infot organiseeritakse ja levitatakse.

Eelseisvas arutelus kutsume osalejaid jagama oma kogemusi ja häid praktikaid, vastates järgmistele küsimustele:  

  • Mil määral on kriitiline info- ja meediakirjaoskus teie riigis praegu pakutavate digioskuste juures esindatud?
  • Mil määral on poliitikakujundajad ja muud põhioskustega seotud sidusrühmad teadlikud vajadusest arendada kriitilist meediakirjaoskust madala kvalifikatsioonitasemega täiskasvanute seas?  
  • Millised on teie arvates kriitilise info- ja meediakirjaoskuse õpetamisel kõige olulisemad väljakutsed?
  • Millised tähtsad faktorid moodustavad meediakirjaoskuse funktsionaalse taseme?
  • Kas te oskaksite kirjeldada oma professionaalses võrgustikus algatusi, mis käsitlevad kriitilist info- või meediakirjaoskust digioskuste ja -pädevuste arendamise valdkonnas?

Arutelu juhib EBSNi peasekretär Graciela Sbertoli. See algab kolmapäeval, 28. augustil kell 12.00 ja lõpeb neljapäeval, 29. augustil kell 17.00 Kesk-Euroopa aja järgi.


EBSNi pädevuste suurendamise sari pakub EPALE kaudu tasuta avatud hariduslikke ressursse (ingl. k. OER) ja massiivseid avatud veebikursusi (ingl. k. MOOC), et aidata rakendada Euroopa Komisjoni soovitusi kvalifikatsiooni tõstmise võimaluste kohta ELi liikmesriikides. EPALEt rahastab Erasmus+ programm osana Euroopa Komisjoni jätkuvast suunast parandada täiskasvanuhariduse pakkumise kvaliteeti Euroopas. Seda projekti rakendatakse Euroopa haridussüsteemide, audiovisuaalse valdkonna ja kultuuri täitevasutuse EACEA toel.

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Kasutaja Ejvis Gishti pilt
My name is Ejvis Gishti and im the coordinator of EPALE NSS in Albania. 
Since media literacy is not a subject introduced in the curricula, there are no associations dealing particularly with media literacy, such as those of teachers, librarians, or professional learning centres. In the same way, the weak status of journalists’ association does not allow for any influence on education policy. Albanian Media Institute (ANI) is the main NGO in the country engaged in training of journalists, working in this field since 1996. It regularly implements mainly short-term programs in journalism training for both students of journalism and mid-career journalists. In recent years its activities have particularly focused on training journalists and students in digital skills, with the aim of improving abilities of journalists to use different forms of expression, adapting to the new developments in the profession. Apart from training in digital literacy for journalists, AMI has also attempted to pave the way for introducing media literacy in the pre-university curricula. Other organizations have also tackled the media literacy issue, although initiatives have been sporadic. One of the main supporters of such initiatives has been Open Society Foundation Albania, which has supported AMI and other organizations in this field. Media Aktive Center implemented another major project in te period 2013-2105 – “Intensive Practice of Multimedia Journalism”. Under the project 90 students from journalism and other department came together, realizing start-ups of citizen journalism in the shape of blogs, YouTube channels and a WebRadio, and produced media content under supervision of media professionals. Through these courses it has been enabled the young people to become familiar with the nature of the job that takes place in a radio and television and have urged them to use digital tools for quality and influential products in society.
Kasutaja Chiara Palazzetti pilt
Hello from Italy, we, as FORMA.Azione srl, are currently running an ERASMUS + KA3 Project entitled IN-EDU "INclusive communities through Media literacy & Critical Thinking EDUcation"aimed at to reinforcing media literacy and critical thinking among students. The IN-EDU engagement programme, the main activity of the project, does this through interactive activities at local level that encourage action and participation from teachers, parents and families, and other stakeholders – thus increasing also their awareness, knowledge and competences on the subject. By working at local level the project intends to have an impact on the wider communities and play a part in preventing marginalization and countering inequality. After a first phase of key staleholders involvement through a preliminary mapping of them and in person meetings we are now in the phase of Training the trainers at Transational level to acquire skills and competencies to design an effective IN-EDu engagement programme. This is based on two pratices that have already proven to be effective in this fiedl: Training Positive Messengers, among school teachers and students to counter online hate speech and misinformation; Civic hackathons to engage a larger audience, civil society and citizens at large. More deails on the project website:
Kasutaja Graciela Sbertoli pilt
... for this very interesting information!
As you will see in my most recent posting, I will stop moderating this discussion in less than half an hour - but I will make sure I take the time to access the link you sent and have a look at your project. And I hope all other discussion participants will do the same. It really sounds very interesting!
Kasutaja Chiara Palazzetti pilt
Thank you Graciela!
Sorry fo joining so late, but we are very much interested in the topic and willing to learn more and share information and results with other projects coordinator.
Kasutaja Graciela Sbertoli pilt
Dear discussion participants,

As previously announced, this discussion will no longer be moderated after 5 pm today. But the comment space will remain open for a few days and you are extremely welcome to add your contributions! 

Heartfelt thanks to all of you for your comments and for all the information you have contributed. We promise we will make good use of it!

See you around! 

Kasutaja Françoise Chotro pilt
Hello dear colleagues,
We are Aline, Françoise and Gabriela from Luxembourg. We are working together at the Ministry of Education in the adult education department as guidance counselors.
For us the most important challenge when teaching critical information and media literacy is to raise awareness towards the (safe) use of information and communication technologies. The question is how to contact adults that have a low level of proficiency in reading and writing in order to support them in acquiring competences in media literacy. The 2018 LEO Study found that adults with low literacy skills have a generally positive attitude towards continuing education. The most important reason for not participating in education activities was a lack of time due to work commitments or family obligations.
We are currently working on a learning center for adults. We have in mind to develop for example videos for a safer internet use for adults with a low level in reading.
Kasutaja Graciela Sbertoli pilt
Safety first - that is a good slogan when focusing on Digital and Media Literacy. It would be wonderful if you could organize online courses on this theme for adults who are just starting to develop their digital competence, don't you think? The course could start with a face-to-face introduction of the tools to be used (smart phones?) and then set up a flexible program that the adults could follow from home... It would really be interesting to try this out!
Kasutaja louise culot pilt
At Lire et Ecrire, a non formal literacy adult education organization in Belgium, we just organized a seminar stressing out the importance to gather relevant information on how people with low skills actually use digital media. To us this is the first step in order to better organize the next step: accurate critical digital literacy training. In Belgium we still now too little about how and how much people with low qualification levels use digital. We should know that in order to better answer their needs and better train them to be critical. All contents of the seminar are available here (in French, mainly audio : )
Best regards from BXL !
Kasutaja Graciela Sbertoli pilt
Very nice to hear from you!

You are right that having access to the needed statistics and evidence is a success factor for any national policy on this field. But hasn't Belgium participated in PIAAC? There must be a way of finding out the level of digital competence of respondents that have answered they have low levels of qualifications? Check here:

Thank you for the link! The seminar sounds extremely interesting!