This publication presents composite indicators on participation in VET which are constructed based on data provided by Eurostat from joint data collection on education (UOE), Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS) and EU Labour Force Survey (LFS). They will be further used to monitoring the developments in vocational education and training across European countries. Indicators on participation in vocational education and training (both initial and continuing) are presented and analysed. The publication describes as well the European political context in the field of vocational education and training and looks at the main monitoring issues. The links between vocational training and participation in lifelong learning across European countries are also investigated.