Methodological Guidebook - Design of qualifications based on learning outcomes
Although there is no general consensus of the description and interpretation of learning outcomes, all European processes and instruments recently developed, namely the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) and the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET), are based on this approach.
In Portugal, the National Qualifications System (SNQ) (Decree-Law no. 396/2007, of 31 December) states that the National Catalogue of Qualifications (CNQ) shall organise competence-based qualifications "by identifying for each qualification the corresponding training competence and training standards, and the qualification level in accordance with the National Qualifications Framework". This development outcomes from the identification of the competences associated with each qualification and with the construction and implementation process of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF), as it adopts a methodology based on learning outcomes to describe each level of qualification, being each level descriptor organised in "knowledge, skills and attitudes" (Ordinance no. 782/2009, of 23 July).
This Methodological guidebook is an instrument to support the design of qualifications based on learning outcomes to be integrated in the CNQ. It seeks to provide the different SNQ stakeholders with a Methodological Guidebook that enables new qualifications to be designed and the existing ones to be revised based on learning outcomes.