This review focuses on the apprenticeship system in England and concludes with policy recommendations.
It is one of a series of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) studies on Vocational Education and Training.
The report finds that apprenticeship programs in England devote much less time to general education, including maths and English, than those in many other countries. It also finds that apprenticeship workplace training in England is not systematic and subject to little quality assurance. Lack of standards with regard to training in workplaces increases the risk that employers will substitute apprentices for unskilled workers.
This report suggests several ways in which reforms might be adapted to achieve higher quality and better outcomes:
- Increase the amount of general education in apprenticeships for young people
- Support systematic provision of training in work places
- Keep apprenticeship qualifications sufficiently broad and few in number
- Review current plans for competition in the assessment market
- Provide pre-apprenticeship and alternative apprenticeship programmes that effectively prepare disadvantaged young people to undertake full apprenticeship programmes
- Ensure that all degree apprenticeships include a substantial element of work-based learning with an employer
The full OECD press release for this report can be read here.